History of South Carolina

 

Date                     Event In History In SC 

 

1000BC           Southeastern Native Americans began to make advances in hunting, farming and pottery. 

1521 AD         Spanish Explorers led by Francisco Gordillo; first explorers to reach present day South Carolina. 

1524                First French ship scouts the coast of the Carolinas. 

1526                First Spanish attempt at a settlement, San Miguel de Gualdape, probably near Winyah Bay. 

1540                 It is recorded that Hernando de Soto met the queen of a Native American tribe in the state. 

1562                Jean Ribault established a protestant/Huguenots colony on Parris Island. 

1563                William Hilton, an English sea captain, surveyed the island named for him. He was looking for tropical lands to begin an English plantation. 

1566                A Spanish settlement was begun by Juan Pardo on Parris Island. He left there and went searching for gold in Mexico. 

1663                 Charles II grants the land of Carolina to eight Lords Proprietors. 

1666                Captain Robert Sanford Explores and names the Ashley River and on June 22 he took formal possession of the area for England and the Proprietors. 

1669                John Lock wrote the fundamental constitution for the Lords Proprietors which guarantees religious freedom in the Carolinas. 

1669                Lord Anthony Ashley Cooper gets people from England to begin settling the area of Carolina. 

1670                First permanent English settlement was made at Albemarle Point (Charles Town). 

1670                first enslaved Africans arrive in SC. 

1670 – 1789    Charles Town is capitol. 

1672                Charles Town is reported to have 30 houses and 200 to 300 settlers. 

1674                Henry Woodward an early colonist began to trade for furs with the Native Americans. 

1685                approximately 500 French Huguenots settled around Charles Town. 

1690                Charles Town was moved to Oyster Point where it is currently located and eventually will be called Charleston. 

1700                first library is established in Charles Town by Thomas Bray. 

1670’s             African Americans were brought from Cierra Leone West Africa because they had a great deal of knowledge about the growing of rice which was being advanced through the plantations around Charles Town. 

1708                indigo and cotton were becoming great cash crops in the area and slaves were needed. 

1715 –1717     Yemassee War 

1721                SC becomes a royal colony and Sir Francis Nicholson becomes the governor. 

1728                regular passenger and shipping service begins between Charles Town and New York. 

1729                SC divides from NC. 

1732                SC Gazette became first newspaper. 

1733                James Oglethorp arrives in Charles Town harbor with settlers for Georgia. 

1739                Stono Rebellion was the rebellion of slaves on the Stono River plantations. 

1740                SC legislature passed slave codes that said slaves could not travel alone, read, meet in a group, or have money. 

1742                 Charles Town’s population is estimated to be about 6,800. 

1761                Cherokee Wars open lands in the up-country and there is no land tax for 10 years. People begin pouring into the area to settle. 

1750                 the growing of indigo and rice made the planters around Charles town some of the richest people on the continent. 

1765                English Stamp Act imposed a tax on paper products. 

1773                first public museum in Charles Town. 

1773                Tea tax by England on tea. 

1773                intolerable Acts said that English soldiers could be housed in homes of the colonist for free. 

1774                SC delegates went to Continental Congress in Philadelphia. 

1775                Second Continental Congress was attended by SC representatives. 

1776                first major naval battle of the Revolutionary Wareleven war ships attacked Fort Moultrie and are repulsed. 

1775 – 1783    Revolutionary War 

1776 Aug        Declaration of Independence was read for the first time in SC by Major Barnard Elliot. 

1777                All males of SC should pledge loyalty to this new country and not the king of England. 

1777 – 1778    Charles Town merchant, Henry Laurens served as President of the Continental Congress 

1780                Battle of Kings Mountain between loyalist and patriots. 

1780                siege of Charles Town for forty days. 

1781                Cowpens was a turning point of the Revolutionary War. 

1781                last British troops leave Charles Town 

1783                Charlestown was renamed Charleston.   State Legislature divided the state into counties. 

1787                Charles Pinckney works to prepare a Constitutional draft for the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. 

1787 Sept. 17  Pinckney, Rutledge, and Charles C. Pinckney signed the United States constitution. 

1788                SC is the eighth state to ratify the Constitution. 

1790                The capitol is moved from Charleston to Columbia to balance the poor midlands with the plantational wealth of Charleston. 

1792                Free blacks between the age of 16 – 50 are charged a $2.00 head tax. 

1793                Cotton Gen was invented making the growing of cotton further away from the water transportation route more profitable. 

1799                Charleston Waterworks was established to bring water through pipes for the city of Charleston.